Welcome to Ecuador, a small nation boasting the magnificent peaks of the Andean range which separates the muggy coastal plains of the west from the steamy Amazonian jungles on the east. Ecuador is 95 percent Catholic, though in practice this is often mingled with indigenous beliefs. SIM serves the Ecuadorian people in four cities through a variety of ministries which meet human needs and strengthen the church. These ministries include community service, AIDS outreach, leadership development, discipleship, Missions mobilization and radio and evangelism outreach.
Team's VisionBy faith, we see:
Country & Ministry ProfileSIM has been working in Ecuador since 1989, concentrating on church planting and ministry to human needs. The country attracted the attention of the Christian world in 1956 with the martyrdom of five missionaries by the Auca (Waorani) tribe. Since then, most ethnic groups of Ecuador have been evangelized to some extent. Five groups are still considered unreached. The country officially has religious freedom, although it is strongly Roman Catholic, and active opposition to evangelical witness exists.
In Guayaquil, where more than 60% of the people are extremely poor and many live in slums built on a polluted marsh, we partner with an Ecuadorian Christian organization ministering to people living with HIV & AIDS.
The city and province of Loja are recognized as particularly unreached with the Gospel, with less than 0.1% evangelicals. In Loja, SIM has initiated a cooperative community ministry and is participating with other missions and local churches in radio, evangelism, and holistic church planting. The united effort, called Operación Esperanza (Operation Hope), is already increasing our effectiveness in reaching the area for Christ. Other ministries include Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL), medical outreach, health education, student café, and discipleship.
We are also focused on assisting the Latin American mission movement, partnering with COMEC, a grassroots mission mobilization organization. SIM works in Quito seeking to mobilize churches for mission and to enable Ecuadorians to participate in the fulfillment of the Great Commission.
History of MissionsThe Roman Catholic church began work shortly after the Spanish conquest in 1532. The Diocese of Quito was established in 1545, and the first hospital in 1565. The evangelization of the Amazon Region began in 1599. Over the next 200 years, infrastructure was built in the form of schools and colleges. By 1780, almost 900 priests and other religious personnel served in Quito alone. This number declined rapidly after independence in 1822.
The nineteenth century was a period of much conflict between the church and government. A new constitution clearly went against the church when it legalized divorce and again in 1908, when all church lands were appropriated by the government.
A period of stabilization and growth has characterized the twentieth century. But for several years, the Diocese of Riobamba and its bishop were in strong contention with other bishops and the government over the issue of pastoral reforms and Indian rights. Some Ecuadorians are questioning the Roman Catholic Church.
The first Protestant missionary activity began in 1824 when a member of the British and Foreign Bible Society went to Ecuador to sell Bibles. No permanent mission was established until 1896 when three Gospel Missionary Union (GMU) missionaries began work. They arrived at the time the government repudiated the 1862 concordat with the Holy See. The GMU has actively served among the coastal Mestizos, the Jivaro Indians in the Amazon area, and mostly among the Quichua Indians in the Andes.
The Evangelical Missionary Union Church, begun by the GMU, is the largest Protestant church in Ecuador. They also started two Indian radio stations which are now under the leadership of Quichua believers. One of the largest Protestant broadcasting projects is HCJB ("Voice of the Andes"), located in Quito and owned by World Radio Missionary Fellowship. Started in 1931, it now broadcasts in 17 major languages, and is aired in short-wave, long-wave, and local radio programs.
The Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA) began work in 1897. Although it is concentrated in the same areas as the GMU, it employs its staff largely at Alliance Academy in Quito, attended by missionary children from many missions, including SIM. Seventh-day Adventists arrived in 1905, but have not been as successful here among the Indian populations as in neighboring countries. In 1945, four large United States denominations began work as the United Andean Indian Mission. Growth has been small.
In 1953, the Foursquare Gospel denomination began work and presently has the second largest Protestant church in Ecuador. The work grew rapidly after 1964. In 1956 the now-famous Auca Indians became known to the outside world with the martyrdom of five missionaries by this tribe. This story is recounted in the book, Through Gates of Splendour. Most of the Auca, who are more appropriately called the Waorani, and other small tribes have indigenous churches now. Forty-eight mission agencies serve in Ecuador as of 1997.
It is becoming increasingly difficult for missions and religious organizations to receive legal standing in Ecuador. Mormons and Jehovah Witnesses are numerous, and these groups as well as evangelicals are all lumped into "sects" as far as the Catholic Church is concerned.
Unreached PeopleThere are five people groups for whom less than 20% of its population has any affiliation with a Christian church. Buddhists, Hindus, Mormons, and Jehovah Witnesses are increasingly encountered. A huge need for more evangelical work in the Catholic areas also exists.
The State ChurchPrior to 1896, the Roman Catholic Church was the State Church. Presently the state recognizes no religion, but gives freedom for each person to exercise his religious beliefs. However, in practice some persecution still exists.
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