The Arsi tribe (formerly known as the Arussi) is one of over 200 people groups belonging to the largest tribe in Ethiopia called the Oromo.
Centuries ago, ancestors of the modern Awi ruled northern Ethiopia under Queen Yehudit, who imposed Judaism on the Ethiopians. Today the Awi live near Bahar Dar in northwest Ethiopia.
The Banna are a pastoral tribe who live in a remote area of Southern Ethiopia. They are closely related to their neighbors, the Hammer, in both language and culture.
The Borana tribe is one of over 200 people groups belonging to the largest tribe in Ethiopia called the Oromo.
The Daasanach are semi-nomadic people whose cultural identity is thought to result mostly from a common place of residence than from heredity.
The Dagomba are one of the earliest known kingdoms in what is now Northern Ghana.
The Djoula originally came from the Mande Empire in Mali over 600 years ago. Their name means “itinerant trader,” and they were active in the gold trade in the ancient Ghanaian and Malian empires.
The Fon are the largest ethnic group in Benin with over 1.25 million people living mainly in southern and central Benin.
The Fulani are a people group in several regions of Africa, whose distinctive physical features are similar to people in Egypt, northern Sudan, and Ethiopia.
Although the Gumuz are a relatively unknown people group, they are rich in culture. Their dress, hairstyles, music, and dance are all unique.
Three distinct groups of Gurage (goo rah gay) people live in Ethiopia.
The Hausa are a racially diverse but culturally homogeneous people group of northern Nigeria and south-central Niger.
The Herero people are related to the Bantu people and live in Namibia and Botswana in southwest Africa.
The center of the Kotokoli culture is in central Togo with the majority of the Kotokoli living in the city of Sokodé and its 60 or so surrounding villages.
Most Lomwe people are peasant farmers who live in northern Mozambique and in a belt stretching west into Malawi.
The Makhuwa people group is a large group of approximately six million people living in modern day Mozambique and Tanzania.
The Mamprusi are part of the Na Gweba people originally from what is now Togo. Of the four people groups descended from Na Gweba, the Mamprusi are the leaders.
The Manga Kanuri are proud of their history as the rulers of the Borno Empire. They live in the Lake Chad and Sahel desert region of Niger and Nigeria where they are the dominant people group.
The Maninka Muslims are a sub-group of the large people group commonly referred to as the Manding. Their unity and pride stems from their common cultural origin from the once-great Malian Empire.
The Mursi live in the Omo Valley in southwestern Ethiopia. Their territory is hedged in by three rivers and a mountain range, making them one of the most isolated people groups in Ethiopia.
The Oromo people, also known as Oromoo, or Ormomoota, are an ancient, traditionally pastoral people who live in western and southern Ethiopia and part of Kenya and Somalia.
The San people group is variously called “Bushmen,” the Khoi, the Khoisan, the Kung, and (in Botswana) the Basarwa or Remote Area Dwellers.
The Sisaala (sometimes spelled Sissala) are a beautiful people who originate from among the Mossi, Mamprusi and Dagomba tribes of Ghana.
The Sola are a small people group of approximately 8700 members in the north of Benin and Togo.
Somalis number over 10,000,000. They are closely related to other Eastern Cushitic ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa such as the Afar and Oromo.
Songhai is a general term for the West Africa people groups who are descendants of the great Songhai Empire which flourished around the largest bend in the Niger River between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries.
The Tamajaq — "the blue men of the desert" — are a nomadic people who migrated from northern Africa into the Sahel regions of the western Sahara Desert.
The Toubou—"people of Tibesti"—trace their heritage back to Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula. They are divided into two subgroups, the Teda to the north, and the Daza to the south.
The Uduk people have historical links with many other people groups on the Sudanese-Ethiopian border. While the name “Uduk” was given to them by their colonial administrators, they call themselves Kwanim pa or “people of the village.”
The Wodaabeare a nomadic people group who find their home in the sandy, windswept margins of the Sahara Desert in modern-day Niger.
The Wolof people were one of the first groups to establish a kingdom in what is modern day Senegal.
The Yao people trace their origins to East of Lake Malawi to a mountain called Yao, near the grass covered hills between Mwembe and Luchilingo Range.